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Audit Committee Charter

ON APRIL 30, 2014


The Audit Committee is appointed by the Board to assist the Board in monitoring:

  1. The integrity of the financial statements of the Company.
  2. The independent auditors' qualifications, independence and performance.
  3. The performance of the Company's internal audit function.
  4. The compliance by the Company with legal and regulatory requirements.

The Audit Committee shall prepare the report required by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission") to be included in the Company's annual proxy statement.


The Audit Committee shall consist of no fewer than three members. The members of the Audit Committee shall meet the independence and experience requirements of the New York Stock Exchange, Section 10A(m)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") and the rules and regulations of the Commission (taken together, the "Applicable Rules"). The Company shall disclose as required by the Commission whether at least one member of the Audit Committee is an "audit committee financial expert" as defined by the Commission. The simultaneous service on the audit committees of more than two other public companies requires a Board determination that such simultaneous service does not impair the ability of such member to serve effectively on the Company's Audit Committee.

The members of the Audit Committee shall be appointed, or may be replaced, by the Board on the recommendation of the Committee on Directors and Corporate Governance.


The Audit Committee shall meet as often as it determines, but not less frequently than quarterly. The Audit Committee shall meet periodically with management, the internal auditor and the independent auditors in separate executive sessions, and also in executive session with only the Committee members. The Audit Committee may request any officer or employee of the Company or the Company's outside counsel or independent auditors to attend a meeting of the Audit Committee or to meet with any members of, or consultants to, the Audit Committee.


The Audit Committee shall have the sole authority to appoint, retain, compensate, evaluate and terminate the independent auditors. The Audit Committee shall be directly responsible for the compensation and oversight of the work of the independent auditors (including resolution of disagreements between management and the independent auditors regarding financial reporting) for the purpose of preparing or issuing an audit report or related work. The independent auditors shall report directly to the Audit Committee.

The Audit Committee shall preapprove all auditing services and permitted non-audit services (including the fees and terms thereof) to be performed for the Company by its independent auditors, subject to the de minimis exceptions for non-audit services described in Section 10A(i)(1)(B) of the Exchange Act, which should be approved by the Audit Committee prior to the completion of the audit. In connection with such approvals, the Audit Committee may form and delegate authority to subcommittees consisting of one or more members when appropriate, including the authority to grant preapprovals of audit and permitted non-audit services, provided that decisions of such subcommittee to grant preapprovals shall be presented to the full Audit Committee at a subsequent meeting.

The Audit Committee shall have the authority, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate, to retain independent legal, accounting or other advisors. The Company shall provide for appropriate funding, as determined by the Audit Committee, for payment of compensation to the independent auditors for the purpose of preparing or issuing an audit report and to any advisors employed by the Audit Committee.

The Audit Committee shall make regular reports to the Board. The Audit Committee shall review and reassess the adequacy of this Charter annually and recommend any proposed changes to the Board for approval. The Audit Committee shall annually conduct a self-assessment and report the results to the Board.

The Audit Committee, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate or as required by the Applicable Rules, shall:

    As to Financial Statement and Disclosure Matters

  1. Review and discuss with management and the independent auditors the annual audited financial statements, and disclosures made in management's discussion and analysis ("MD&A"), and recommend to the Board whether the audited financial statements should be included in the Company's Form 10-K.
  2. Review and discuss with management and the independent auditors the Company's quarterly financial statements, including disclosures made in the MD&A, prior to the filing of its Form 10-Q, including the results of the independent auditors' review of the quarterly financial statements.
  3. Review major issues regarding accounting principles and financial statement presentations, including any significant changes in the Company's selection or application of accounting principles; major issues as to the adequacy of the Company's internal controls; and any special audit steps adopted in light of material control deficiencies.
  4. Review analyses prepared by management (and/or the independent auditor as noted in item 5 below) setting forth significant financial reporting issues and judgments made in connection with the preparation of the financial statements, including analyses of the effects of alternative GAAP methods on the financial statements.
  5. Discuss quarterly reports from the independent auditors on the following:
    1. All critical accounting policies and practices to be used.
    2. All alternative treatments of financial information within generally accepted accounting principles that have been discussed with management, ramifications of the use of such alternative disclosures and treatments, and the treatment preferred by the independent auditors.
    3. Other material written communications between the independent auditors and management, such as any management letter or schedule of unadjusted differences. 
  6. Discuss with management the Company's earnings press releases, including the use of "pro forma" or "adjusted" non-GAAP information, as well as financial information and the type and presentation of information to be presented in earnings guidance provided to analysts and rating agencies. Such discussion may be done generally (consisting of discussing the types of information to be disclosed and the types of presentations to be made) rather than specifically as to individual press releases, analysts and rating agencies.
  7. Discuss with management and the independent auditors the effect of applicable regulations and accounting profession initiatives as well as off-balance sheet structures on the Company's financial statements.
  8. Engage in ongoing discussions with management about the Company's major financial risk exposures and the process and system which management employs to monitor and control such exposures.
  9. Engage in periodic discussions with management about the guidelines and policies to govern the process by which risk assessment and management is undertaken.
  10. Discuss with the independent auditors the matters required to be discussed by the prevailing auditing standards relating to the conduct of the audit, including any difficulties encountered in the course of the audit work, any restrictions on the scope of activities or access to requested information, and any significant disagreements with management, including any significant accounting adjustments that were noted or proposed by the independent auditors but were rejected by management.
  11. Review disclosures made to the Audit Committee by the Company's CEO and CFO during their certification process for the Form 10-K and Form 10-Q about any significant deficiencies in the design or operation of internal controls or material weaknesses therein and any fraud involving management or other employees who have a significant role in the Company's internal controls.
  12. As to Oversight of the Company's Relationship with the Independent Auditors

  13. Review and evaluate the lead partner of the independent auditors' team.
  14. Obtain and review a report from the independent auditors at least annually regarding (a) the independent auditors' internal quality-control procedures, (b) any material issues raised by the most recent internal quality-control review, or peer review, of the firm, or by any inquiry or investigation by governmental or professional authorities within the preceding five years respecting one or more independent audits carried out by the firm, (c) any steps taken to deal with any such issues and (d) all relationships between the independent auditors and the Company.
  15. Evaluate the qualifications, performance and independence of the independent auditors, including considering whether the auditors' quality controls are adequate and whether the provision of any permitted non-audit services is compatible with maintaining the auditors' independence, and taking into account the opinions of management and internal auditors. This shall include a review and discussion of the annual communication as to independence delivered by the independent auditors pursuant to applicable auditing standards and rules. Present conclusions with respect to the independent auditors to the Board.
  16. Ensure the rotation of the lead (or coordinating) audit partner having primary responsibility for the audit and the audit partner responsible for reviewing the audit as required by law.
  17. Establish policies for the Company's hiring of employees or former employees of the independent auditors who participated in any capacity in the audit of the Company.
  18. Meet with the independent auditors prior to the audit to discuss the planning and staffing of the audit; including the type and scope of services to be provided by the independent auditors.
  19. As to Oversight of the Company's Internal Audit Function

  20. Review the appointment, performance and replacement, as necessary, of the senior internal auditing executive.
  21. Review the significant issues raised in reports to management prepared by the internal auditing department and management's responses.
  22. Review at least annually the internal audit department and its mission, responsibilities, independence, procedures, budget and staffing and any recommended changes in the planned scope of the internal audit. This review shall include discussions with the independent auditors regarding these matters.
  23. As to Compliance Oversight Responsibilities

  24. Obtain from the independent auditors assurance that Section 10A(b) of the Exchange Act has not been implicated. Section 10A(b) relates to illegal acts that have come to the attention of the independent auditors during the course of the audit.
  25. As required by applicable law, review at least annually the report prepared by management, and attested to by the independent auditors, assessing the effectiveness of the Company's internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting and stating management's responsibility to establish and maintain such structure and procedures, prior to its inclusion in the Company's annual report.
  26. Establish procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters, and the confidential, anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters.
  27. Discuss with management and the independent auditors any correspondence with regulators or governmental agencies and any published reports that raise material issues regarding the Company's financial statements or accounting policies.
  28. Discuss quarterly with the Company's General Counsel legal matters that may have a material impact on the Company's financial statements.
  29. Discuss annually with the individual(s) with operational responsibility for the compliance and ethics program the implementation and effectiveness of the Company's compliance and ethics program in detecting and preventing violations of law and the Company's Code of Business Conduct and Ethics.


While the Audit Committee has the duties and responsibilities set forth in this Charter, the Audit Committee is not responsible for planning or conducting the audit or for determining whether the Company's financial statements are complete and accurate and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Management is responsible for the financial reporting process, the preparation of consolidated financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the system of internal controls, and procedures designed to insure compliance with accounting standards and applicable laws and regulations. The Company's independent auditors are responsible for auditing the financial statements.

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